|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
10. STOCKHOLDER’S EQUITY
Redeemable Preferred Stock – Series 1
Beginning in December 2016, the Company conducted a rights offering of units, each unit consisting of one share of 9% Redeemable Series 1 Preferred Stock (“Series 1 Preferred”) and one Series 1 Warrant (“Series 1 Warrant”) to purchase 10 shares of common stock. Preferred unit dividends of 37,518 shares and 77,975 shares were paid in 2020 and 2019, respectively. In connection with the Merger, on April 1, 2020, all outstanding Series 1 Preferred units, comprised of shares of Series 1 Preferred and Series 1 Warrants, were redeemed and extinguished for their cash redemption price of $0.50 per unit. The difference between the carrying value of the Series 1 Preferred and the cash redemption amount of $161,900 was recognized as a loss on extinguishment and included in other expense during the year ended December 31, 2020.
2019 Rights Offering
In 2019 the Company conducted a rights offering of units to its stockholders of record to purchase common stock at a subscription price of $1.00 per share. The rights offering was made pursuant to Chanticleer’s effective registration statement on Form S-1 on file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and accompanying prospectus filed with the SEC on June 12, 2019.
Upon closing of the rights offering in July 2019, a total of 1,894,311 shares of common stock were issued pursuant to record holders’ basic subscription privilege and a total of 4,190,524 shares of common stock were issued pursuant to record holders’ over subscription. The Company accepted subscriptions to purchase 6,084,733 shares in the rights offering upon expiration of the rights offering on June 28, 2019. The Company received $6,009,733 in gross proceeds from the rights offering and $3,075,000 was subscribed by certain record holders’ through the reduction in outstanding debt obligations of the Company. The shares associated with the reduction in outstanding debt obligations were deemed issued at June 30, 2019. The remaining proceeds of approximately $2.7 million, which is net of fees owed to the dealer-managers and other offering costs, were received in early July 2019 after the closing of the rights offering.
Chardan Capital Markets, LLC and The Oak Ridge Financial Services Group Inc. were the co-dealer-managers on the transaction and the Company agreed to pay the dealer-managers a fee equal to 7% of the gross proceeds of the rights offering (excluding proceeds from the reduction of the debt obligations) and to reimburse the dealer-managers for their expenses up to $75,000 for an aggregate commission of approximately $286,000. Additional offering costs were incurred for legal, accounting and transfer agent services.
2020 Bridge Financing
Pursuant to a Securities Purchase Agreement dated February 7, 2020, the Company sold 1,500 shares of a new series of convertible preferred stock of Chanticleer (the “Series 2 Preferred Stock”) to an institutional investor for gross proceeds to the Company of $1,500,000 less transaction costs of $95,000. In addition, pursuant to the original agreement with the investors, the Company issued 5-year warrants to purchase an aggregate of 350,000 shares of common stock to the investors at $1.25 per share. Each share of Series 2 Preferred has a stated value of $1,000. Upon issuance, the Company bifurcated and recorded, as a liability, an embedded derivative (more fully described below and in Note 10) in the amount of $529,000. The effective conversion price of the Series 2 Preferred Stock after the bifurcation of the derivative resulted a beneficial conversion feature of $729,000, which was then immediately recorded as a deemed dividend as the preferred stock is immediately convertible. In March 2020, an aggregate of 713 shares of Series 2 Preferred Stock were converted into 1,426,849 shares of common stock. In connection with the Merger, all remaining outstanding shares of the Series 2 Preferred Stock were automatically cancelled and exchanged for substantially similar shares of preferred stock in Amergent, the shareholders of Chanticleer common stock received shares of Amergent on a 1 for 1 basis (spin-off shares) and received 1 share of Sonnet common stock for 26 shares of Chanticleer common stock held at the time of the Merger. At December 31, 2020, 787 shares of Series 2 Preferred Stock were outstanding.
On August 17, 2020, the Company and the holders of the Series 2 Preferred Stock entered into a Waiver, Consent, and Amendment to the Certificate of Designations (the “Extension Agreement”) which included provisions for an extension of the true-up payment discussed below from August 7, 2020 to December 10, 2020 and permitted the shares of Amergent obtained by the investor in the Spin-off to be included in the determination of the True-Up Payment discussed below, with the Company paying all expenses incurred by the institutional investor in connection with the Extension Agreement and certain consideration for the institutional in investor’s willingness to extend the date of the true-up payment. The consideration included $66,000 of cash and warrants to purchase 134,000 shares of the Company’s common stock with a value of $28,060 (see below).
On February 16, 2021, the Company and the holders of the Series 2 Preferred Stock entered into a Waiver, Consent and Amendment to the Certificate of Designations (the “Waiver”). This Waiver further extended the settlement date to April 1, 2021. See Note 13 for further discussion.
The Series 2 Preferred Stock is classified in the accompanying consolidated and combined balance sheet at December 31, 2020 as temporary equity due to certain contingent redemption features which are outside the control of the Company.
Designations, rights and preferences of Series 2 Preferred Stock:
Stated value: Each share of Series 2 Preferred Stock had a stated value of $1,000.
True-Up Payment: Amergent is required to pay the holder an amount in cash equal to the dollar value of 125% of the stated value of the Series 2 Preferred Stock less the proceeds previously realized by the holder from the sale of all conversion and spin-off shares received by holder in Amergent, net of brokerage commissions and any other fees incurred by the holder in connection with the sale of any conversion shares or spin-off shares on December 10, 2020. Subsequent to December 31, 2020, the settlement date has been extended to April 1, 2021 (see Note 13). The True-Up Payment will be paid by Amergent out of (i) the proceeds from the exercise by Amergent of the warrants to purchase shares of Sonnet’s common stock held by the Spin-Off Entity after the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Merger or (ii) the segregated cash account of $1,250,000. Non-payment of the True-Up Payment when it is due will trigger default interest rate of 18% per year.
The Company determined that the True-Up Payment constituted a “make-whole” provision as defined by U.S. GAAP that is required to be settled in cash and as such, was bifurcated from the host instrument, the Series 2 Preferred Stock, and is accounted for as a derivative liability. The fair value of the derivative was estimated using a Monte Carlo model and a liability of $529,000 was recorded at the Series 2 Preferred Stock issuance date. The fair value at December 31, 2020 was a liability of $184,800. The $344,200 decrease in the liability from the issuance date through December 31, 2020 is recorded as a component of the change in derivative liabilities in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations for the year ended December 31, 2020. See Note 11 for further information.
Redemption: If the Merger was not completed within six months of issuance of the Series 2 Preferred Stock, the Company would have been required to redeem all the outstanding Series 2 Preferred Stock for 125% of the aggregate stated value of the Series 2 Preferred Stock then outstanding plus any default interest and any other fees or liquidated damages then due and owing thereon under the Certificate of Designations. Additionally, there are other triggering events, as defined, that can cause the Series 2 Preferred Stock to be redeemable at the option of the holder of which some are outside of the control of the Company.
Conversion at option of holder/ beneficial ownership limitation The Series 2 Preferred Stock is convertible at the option of holder at the lesser of (i) $1.00 (subject to adjustment for forward and reverse stock splits, recapitalizations and the like) or (ii) 90% of the five day average volume weighted average price of the common, provided the conversion price has a floor of $0.50 (subject to adjustment for forward and reverse stock splits, recapitalizations and the like). Conversion is subject to a beneficial ownership limitation of 4.99%. This limitation was increased by the holder to 9.99% prior to the Merger.
Forced conversion: The Company had the right to require the holder to convert up to 1,400 shares of Series 2 Preferred Stock upon delivery of notice three days prior to the Merger, subject to the beneficial ownership limitation and applicable Nasdaq rules. Unconverted shares of Series 2 Preferred Stock automatically were exchanged for an equal number of shares of Series 2 Preferred Stock in Amergent on substantially the same terms.
Liquidation preference Upon any liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Company, the holder is entitled to receive out of the assets, whether capital or surplus, an amount equal to 125% of the stated value plus any default interest and any other fees or liquidated damages then due and owing thereon under the Certificate of Designations, for each share of Series 2 Preferred Stock before any distribution or payment to the holders of common stock.
Voting rights: The holder of Series 2 Preferred Stock has the right to vote together with the holders of common stock as a single class on an as-converted basis on all matters presented to the holders of common stock and shall vote as a separate class on all matters presented to the holders of Series 2 Preferred Stock. In addition, without the approval of the holder, the Company is required to obtain the approval of Series 2 Preferred Stock, as is customary, for certain events and transactions not contemplated by the Merger.
Triggering Events: Breach of Company’s obligations will trigger a redemption event.
Anti-Dilution: Customary adjustments in the event of dividends or stock splits and anti-dilution protection. Concurrently with the Preferred Securities Purchase Agreement, the parties entered into a registration rights agreement (the “Preferred Registration Rights Agreement”). Pursuant to the Preferred Registration Rights Agreement, the Company was required to file a registration statement registering the conversion shares no later than 15 days from the closing of this transaction.
2020 Merger Transaction
As a result of the Merger, the following reflects the net equity contribution of Merger Consideration to the Company which reflects the gross proceeds received, offset of the direct costs incurred for the transaction, the difference between the redemption payment and carrying value of the Redeemable Preferred Stock - Series 1, and redemption of certain warrants.
Options and Warrants
The Company’s shareholders approved the Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. 2014 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2014 Plan”) authorizing the issuance of options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock awards and units, performance shares and units, phantom stock and other stock-based and dividend equivalent awards. Pursuant to the approved 2014 Plan, 400,010 were approved for grant. This Plan did not survive the Merger. Amergent intends to adopt a new equity incentive plan subject to shareholder approval in the near future.
As of and in connection with the Merger and Spin-Off, all restricted and unrestricted stock options were cancelled and no awards have been granted since that date.
In March 2020, the Company lowered the strike price for certain warrants from within several classes of warrants to $0.50 as an inducement to incentivize the warrant holders to exercise their warrants. The Company accounted for the warrant inducement as a deemed dividend based on the difference in the Black-Scholes value of the warrants immediately before and immediately after the inducement. The significant assumptions used by the Company included common stock volatility of between 88% - 95%, risk free rate between 1.7% and 0.84%, a weighted average term between 6.5 and 8 years and the stock price of the Company as of the date of inducement. Based on the Black-Scholes values calculated the Company recorded a deemed dividend to additional paid in capital and retained earnings on the inducement of approximately $325,000 and received proceeds from the warrants exercised of approximately $1.2 million.
In connection with the Merger and Spin-Off on April 1, 2020, 261,050 warrants were redeemed by the Company for $66,900 and 525,554 warrants remained with the Company. Additionally, 3,275,200 warrants were issued of which 2,925,200 warrants were issued with an exercise price ranging between $.125 and $.50 in connection with the issuance of the Company’s 10% convertible note agreement and 350,000 warrants with an exercise price of $1.25 were issued to the Company’s bridge financing investor.
On August 17, 2020, warrants for 134,000 shares of common stock were issued in connection with the extension of the True-Up Payment provision. See Note 11. The warrants are immediately exercisable at $1.25 per share and expire in August 2025. The value of these warrants was $28,060.
A summary of the warrant activity during the year ended December 31, 2020 is presented below:
The entire disclosure for shareholders' equity comprised of portions attributable to the parent entity and noncontrolling interest, including other comprehensive income. Includes, but is not limited to, balances of common stock, preferred stock, additional paid-in capital, other capital and retained earnings, accumulated balance for each classification of other comprehensive income and amount of comprehensive income.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef