Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2021
Business Combination and Asset Acquisition [Abstract]  



On August 30, 2021, the Company purchased all of the outstanding membership interests in Pie Squared Holdings pursuant to a Unit Purchase Agreement (Purchase Agreement). Pie Squared Holdings, directly and through its four wholly owned subsidiaries, owns, operates and franchises pizza restaurants operating under the tradename PizzaRev. The PizzaRev stores consist of three company owned stores and nine franchised locations. The purchase price is an 8% secured, convertible promissory note (Note) with a face value of $1,000,000 and a fair value of $1,194,000. Transaction costs of $190,000 were incurred in connection with the acquisition and charged to selling, general and administrative expenses in the condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the three-month and nine- month periods ended September 30, 2021. Of the total transaction costs, $150,000 were for services provided by a related-party entity which is owned by a major investor of the Company and the Company’s Chief Financial Officer.


Due to the close proximity of timing of the acquisition and our filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the fair value of assets acquired, and liabilities assumed represent a preliminary allocation as our evaluation of facts and circumstances available as of September 30, 2021 is ongoing. Pursuant to Topic 805, the financial statements will not be retrospectively adjusted for any provisional amount changes that occur in subsequent periods. Rather, we will recognize any provisional adjustments as we obtain information not available as of the completion of this preliminary fair value calculation as determined within the measurement period. We will also be required to record, in the same period as the financial statements, the effects to any income statement captions, if any, as a result of any change to the provisional amounts, calculated as if the accounting had been completed at the acquisition date. We expect to finalize the purchase price allocation as soon as practicable, but no later than one year from the acquisition date.


A preliminary estimate of the assets acquired, and liabilities assumed as of the acquisition date consists of the following:


Assets acquired:        
Cash   $ 71,000  
Restricted cash     2,000,000  
Property and equipment     348,000  
Right of use asset     1,391,000  
Tradename/trademark intangible     410,000  
Franchise rights intangible     410,000  
Goodwill     51,000  
Security deposits and other assets     126,000  
Total assets acquired   $ 4,807,000  
Liabilities assumed        
Gift card liability   $ 139,000  
Deferred revenue     36,000  
Deferred grant income     2,000,000  
Right of use liability     1,438,000  
Total liabilities assumed   $ 3,613,000  
Net purchase price   $ 1,194,000  



Interest on the Note is due quarterly and $500,000 of principal is due on August 30, 2022, and any remaining unpaid/non- converted amount on August 30, 2023. The Note is convertible at any time, in whole or in part, at the holder’s option but includes a beneficial ownership blocker of 4.99%. The conversion price at any time is the volume weighted average price of the Company’s common stock the 30 trading days immediately prior to delivery of notice of conversion, less a discount of 15%; provided, however, that the conversion price has a floor of $0.50 per share and a cap of $2.00 per share. The Note contains customary provisions preventing dilution and providing the holder rights in the event of fundamental transactions. The Note is secured by various security and other instruments creating a first priority lien on all of the membership interests and all of the assets of Pizza Square Holdings and subsidiaries in favor of the sellers. The Note has an estimated fair value of $1,194,000 as determined using a Monte Carlo simulation and the following assumptions:




Volatility     90.00 %
Risk free rate     0.08% - 0.20 %
Stock price     0.52  
Credit spread     6.35 %


In 2021, and prior to the acquisition, Pie Square Holdings received a grant under the U.S. Small Business Administration’s RRF for approximately $10 million. The proceeds received were mainly used to repay existing debt and to also pay operating expenses. The unused funds received under the RRF at closing of $2.0 million were placed into escrow for the benefit of the Company for working capital to be used solely in the operations of the acquired business. The Company will periodically submit to the escrow agent the planned uses of these funds, and the sellers have the right to review the planned uses to determine whether, in the sellers’ opinion, the planned uses meet the criteria of “eligible uses” under the RRF. If determined to not meet such criteria, then the escrow agent will not distribute that portion of the request. Any unused funds on March 11, 2023, or if applicable, the awardee permanently closed before using all funds on authorized purposes, are repayable to the U.S. Small Business Administration.


Restricted cash and a deferred grant income liability has been recorded on the opening balance sheet for the unused proceeds from the RRF, and the liability will be reduced as the restricted cash is used for eligible costs incurred under the RRF post acquisition.


As the Company acquired all the outstanding membership interests in Pie Square Holdings, the Company assumed all the rights and obligations of Pie Square Holdings that arose from transactions of Pie Square Holdings prior to the sale event, both stated rights and obligations as well as those that are contingent. As noted above, Pie Square Holdings applied for and received an approximately $10 million grant from the U.S. Business Administration under the RRF and used approximately $8 million to repay existing debt of Pie Square Holdings and to fund some of its operating expenses. Under the RRF there is a requirement that the grant monies be for “eligible uses.” The Company, through the structure of the acquisition, is now responsible that the grant proceeds were, in fact, properly obtained and disbursed for “eligible uses.” If it is determined that Pie Square Holdings obtained the grant improperly or the disbursement of such grant monies were not “eligible uses” then the Company would be responsible for the ramifications of such actions, including repayment of the approximately $10 million of grant monies, among other items. Management is in the process of completing its analysis of this contingency, which includes consultation with outside legal counsel, and expects to complete such analysis prior to the filing of the 2021 annual financial statements. In connection with the acquisition, the Company obtained an indemnification from the sellers which is inclusive of any matters related to the RRF. As such, an assessment of the sellers’ indemnification agreement signed under the acquisition agreement will also be considered in the Company’s analysis. If it is determined that a contingency exists as of the acquisition date and it is probable of occurrence, then the preliminary purchase price allocation noted above will be revised, and the impact could be material.



The following unaudited pro forma information reflects the impact of the acquisition as if it had closed on January 1, 2020.



    Nine months ended September 30, 2021    

Nine months ended

September 30, 2020

Total revenue   $ 16,229,033     $ 17,645,760  
Operating loss   $ (2,829,004 )   $ (10,907,158 )
Net loss   $ (2,728,921 )   $ (25,551,202 )
Net loss per share (basic and diluted)   $ (0.18 )   $ (1.89 )


The unaudited pro forma statement of operations data for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, excludes the approximately $8.0 million of income recognized for RRF grant monies received as discussed above and $3.0 million gain on extinguishment of debt with a related-party, both recorded by Pie Squared.